10 Essential & Authentic Things To Do in Lisbon Portugal

A city that truly has it all, Lisbon blends a rich historical past with a contemporary food scene, pristine beaches and eclectic art. With friendly locals, delicious local cuisine and colorful tiles at every turn, Lisbon is a dream for those wanting to immerse themselves in Portuguese culture. Plus, this coastal city is one of Europe’s most affordable capitals. Here are 10 essential and authentic things to do during your visit to Lisbon, Portugal.

Best Things to do in Lisbon Portugal - Belem Tower | Winetraveler.com
The Tower of St. Vincent, also known as Belem Tower, on the Tagus River. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site dating from the early 16th Century.

Everything Belém

Belém is so much more than just a neighborhood — it’s even the name of Lisbon’s most famous pastry shop, Pasteis de Belém which dates back to 1837. Known as the connoisseurs of the classic pasteis de nata, be ready to sample these delectable, flaky crust pastries oozing with sweet creamy custard. The charming neighborhood also features the picturesque Belém Tower, perched on the edge of the water. One of the best ways to explore Belém is by bike, and you can book a guided ride ahead of time to see all of the highlights and more.

Stop to visit the magnificent Padrão dos Descobrimentos monument dedicated to Portugal’s famous exploration age. The 16th-century Belém Palace and the Gothic-style Jerónimos Monastery are also worth checking out.

Alternative Things to Do in Lisbon - Visit Sintra Portugal | Winetraveler.com
Visiting the town of Sintra, a short ride from Lisbon makes for a perfect alternative and unique experience just outside of the city.

Castles & Palaces

Lisbon’s Castelo de Sao Jorge is a true medieval treat, with gorgeous vistas of Lisbon beyond its fortified walls. The stunning Pena National Palace in nearby Sintra will blow any predispositions of palaces you’ve ever had into the dust. This picture-perfect example of 19th-century Romanticism architecture will amaze and delight, thanks to its colorful and elaborate facades — not to mention the breathtaking views of the Portuguese countryside. Private tours leaving from Lisbon are available to visit sites like Sintra and beyond with Lisbon on Wheels.

RELATED: 15 Beautiful Castles to See Across Europe

Ride the Tram in Lisbon - Best Things to Do | Winetraveler.com

Ride the 28 tram

For the classic yellow vintage tram riding experience, take the number 28 which cruises between Martim Moniz and Campo do Ourique. The tram gets especially crowded in the summer, so consider riding it during off-peak times. If you get on at the first stop, Martim Moniz, you’ll deal with fewer lines, riding all the way up the hills to Campo do Ourique. Then, you can do the same route walking down. If you really want to avoid the crowds, brave the hilly walk up, and plan to take the tram down in the opposite direction.

Explore the Alfama Neighborhood in Lisbon
The view from our rooftop Airbnb looking out and over the city of Lisbon and Alfama.

Leisurely explore the Alfama 

The Alfama district is the oldest in Lisbon. Getting lost in its labyrinth of cobblestone streets is a real adventure. Admire churches, tiled buildings and panoramic views as you squeeze through narrow passageways and quaint alleyways. Put your map away and wander — you’ll discover all kinds of beauty you never knew existed. If you can’t manage the hilly streets on foot, explore via electric bike instead.

RECOMMENDED: Rent an E-Bike from Boost Portugal and Do a Self-Guided Tour of Lisbon’s Neighborhoods

The Best Beaches in Lisbon to Visit | Winetraveler.com


Hit The Beach

It’s easy to get to some of Portugal’s most glorious beaches on public transport from Lisbon. Head to the golden sands of Adraga after seeing the sights of Sintra. Cascais and Estoril are among the easiest (15 minutes away) and most popular to get to from Lisbon, and will be crowded with locals and tourists when it’s warm and sunny.

For a quieter experience, explore the beaches and rocky cliffs of the Arrábida Natural Park, about an hour outside of the city. Kayak day trips and secret beaches to explore can be scheduled ahead of time. You can even arrange a scuba diving trip for the day off the coast of Arrábida Natural Park.

RELATED: 10 Unique & Amazing Things To Do in Porto, Portugal

Unique Experiences in Lisbon Portugal - Santa Justa Elevator | Winetraveler.com
The Santa Justa Elevator in Lisbon.

Take the Santa Justa Elevator

The Santa Justa lift (also known as the Carmo lift) isn’t just any elevator. It’s a tourist attraction in itself. The iron lift takes you from the lower Baixa district to the higher area of Carmo so you can avoid the hilly walk. The 19th-century attraction is a sight in itself, covered in geometric, neo-gothic patterns and arches on the outside. Although the elevator is actually part of Lisbon’s public transport network, you can also enjoy city views from the viewing platform. But get ready for long waits, as the platform can only hold 29 people at once (the same as the elevator).

RELATED: 7 Tips to Plan Your Dream Wine Country Honeymoon

Underrated Things to do in Lisbon Portugal - Visit the Carmo Cathedral Ruins | Winetraveler.com

Roofless Ruins

One of Lisbon’s most interesting attractions is the roofless convent and church, the Carmo Convent. The walls and columns of the church are still intact, but a 1755 earthquake destroyed the roof. There’s something mystical about walking through the roofless Gothic ruins — and you can even explore the archaeological museum, which has items from various periods of Portuguese history.

Azulejos colorful ceramic tiles in Lisbon, Portugal | Winetraveler.com

Admire the Azulejos

Azulejos is the local name for the colorful ceramic tiles that make up an important part of the city’s vast history. The tiles became fashionable after a Portuguese king visited Spain in the 13th century and saw the tiles that the Moors had brought from Africa. The tiles grew in popularity throughout the exploration age and are still used today to decorate and bring color to homes, buildings, fountains, flooring, benches and more all over Lisbon. Tiles cover the city, some faded and crumbling, some bright and contemporary, each with its own charm. A trip to Lisbon’s National Tile Museum is a treat for anyone truly interested in the history of the colorful ceramics.

Visit the Time Out Market in Lisbon
The Time Out Market in Lisbon has a wide array of vendors serving up local cuisine.
Best Things to do in Lisbon - Eat the Famous Paseis de Nata | Winetraveler.com
Custard tart, “Pasteis De Nata” in Lisbon, Portugal

Hit Up the Markets

Check out both local and international foods at the Mercado da Ribeira (also known as Time Out Market Lisbon). The market dates back to 1892, but has been recently taken over by Time Out Lisboa in an attempt to modernize its offerings and attract local and foreign clientele. It’s the perfect way to sample various Portuguese cuisine, like wines and cheeses, typical codfish and seafood, pastries and more. If it’s vintage treasures you’re after, bring those bargaining skills to the test at the Feira da Ladra, where you can find all sorts of antiques and artifacts on Tuesdays and Saturdays.

Unique Things to do in Lisbon - Drink Vinho Verde Wine | Winetraveler.com

Drink Vinho Verde

Although Vinho Verde comes from northern Spain, it’s commonly consumed throughout all of Portugal and in Lisbon. The name, which translates to ‘green wine,’ refers to the fact that it’s a young wine, released just a few months after the grapes are harvested. As a result, Vinho Verde is typically light and fresh, with a slight sparkle. Although 86% of Vinho Verde is white, you can also drink it versions of both red and rosé. 

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