St. Laurent Grape Variety & Wine Profile
Last Updated on April 30, 2020.
St. Laurent: Delicate and Savage
St. Laurent is a deceptive grape variety that has no association with the designer Yves St. Laurent, though an internet search might suggest otherwise. DNA profiling indicates that St. Laurent is an offspring of Pinot Noir conceived with an anonymous second parent, but this remains unconfirmed. Still, like other whippersnappers whose birthrights are vague, St. Laurent has a wild side that Pinot Noir lacks. One way to describe St. Laurent at its finest is the capability of expressing the power and spice of a Rhone Valley wine with the elegance and delicacy of a red Burgundy.
The Mysterious Origins of St. Laurdent
St. Laurent’s similarities and differences from Pinot Noir are not its only mystery; the origin of its name and provenance are also cloudy. Some attribute it to the Bordeaux village of Saint-Laurent-Médoc in the Gironde department in southwestern France. Others to the August 10th holy day, Feast of St. Lawrence, which is a memorial to the heroic martyr and patron saint of the poor and cooks. The vine was named St. Laurent because this celebration coincides with its berries changing color and becoming edible, a phase known as veraison. However, the real puzzler isn’t its calling. It’s why the generally accepted country of origin is Austria? Given all the geographic and historic references stemming from Bordeaux. One theory is that an earlier conception of St. Laurent developed in Bordeaux and made its way from France via Alsace and Germany into Austria and the Czech Republic.
Remarkably, all this evidence is valid and correct as St. Laurent is an “autochthonous variety.” Meaning it can naturally crossbreed or mutate within its terroir, and throughout its development, the vine adapts to the resident environment and correspondingly articulates itself while maintaining its underlying heritage. In modern viticulture, autochthonous grape varieties are studied as exemplary outgrowths of their terroir and regarded as representative of a region.
St. Laurent prefers dry, deep, stony alluvial soils composed of limestone clay, silt, and gravel, planted on slopes exposed to the warmth of the sun and cool evening breezes. Currently, St. Laurent is grown in Austria, Germany, Slovakia, California, Canada, New Zealand, and is the most planted red variety in the Czech Republic.
The Structure, Taste & Style of St. Laurent Wines
Although St. Laurent remains a reasonably obscure variety, it has gained the attention of producers in other regions and is considered to have world-class potential. It is traditionally produced as a dry red wine, although there are sparkling, dry rosé and sweet styles. In the glass, its color can range from having a pale red berry or garnet to dark purple or ruby color. The wine is intensely aromatic, developing an extraordinary bouquet of roses, violets, cherries, raspberry, cardamom, tar, sweet cigar tobacco, graphite, and bramble.
In terms of taste, St. Laurent presents flavors of Morello cherry, raspberries, anise, leather, and clay with a harmonic ratio of acid and tannins and a balanced mouthfeel. It ends with lush dark fruit, a bit on the tangy side, and a perceivably structured, yet silky length, resulting in a wine that is savory, intense, and toes a fine line between delicate and savage.
Pairing St. Laurent With Food
St. Laurent is a gastronomic delight that pairs with both Haute and carryout cuisine; some compliments you may consider are Margherita pizza, classic burger, chili Verde, spicy chicken wings, Moo Shu pork, Peking duck, Vietnamese shaking beef, steak au poivre, roasted leg of lamb, lamb shish kebabs, Swedish meatballs, Korean style ribs, baba ghanoush, herb-roasted chicken, chicken makhana, salmon with currants and Catalan bean sausage stew.
Current Countries Producing St. Laurent
The Czech Republic
Switzerland: Sankt Laurent
Slovakia: Synonyms: Svätý Vavrinec, St. Laurent, Pinot St-Laurent, Sanktlorenztraube
Major Current St. Laurent Producers by Country
Claus Preisinger Ancestral Sparkling, Burgenland
Erich Sattler, Burgenland
Brigitte & Gerhard Pittnauer Dorflagen, Burgenland
Juris Selection St. Laurent, Burgenland
Rosi Schuster St. Laurent Klassik, Burgenland
Meinklang Konkret, Burgenland
Keringer Commander, Burgenland
Gernot and Heike Heinrich, Burgenland
Paul Achs, Burgenland
Umathum Vom Stein, Burgenland
Brigitte & Gerhard Pittnauer Altenberg, Burgenland
R & A Pfaffl Alten, Niederosterreich
Johanneshof Reinisch Holzspur Grand Reserve, Thermenregion
Johanneshof Reinisch, Thermenregion
Stift Klosterneuburg Reserve,Thermenregion
Anselmann Edesheimer Ordensgut Trocken, Pfalz
Kuntz Sankt Laurent Trocken, Pfalz
Winzergenossenschaft Herxheim Herxheimer Honigsack Trocken, Pfalz
Thomas Hensel Aufwind Trocken, Pfalz
Masaryk, Small Carpathian wine region
LVD Limbach, Small Carpathian wine region
Skovajsa, South Slovak
Scribe St. Laurent, Carneros, Carneros
Cruse Wine Co. Sparkling Petillant Naturel, Carneros
Forlorn Hope ‘Ost-Intrigen’ Ricci Vineyard Carneros
The Czech Republic
Z Czech, Moravia (This is a blanket name for most Czech wine imported to the USA)
Habanske Sklepy Svatovavrinecke
Learn About These Other Wine Grape Varieties
Written By Jeff Bareilles
Jeff or “JB” is a native to the San Francisco Bay area and wants to live in a world where wine is served with every meal. As a beverage and food professional with more than 20 years of experience, he’s contributed to The Food Lover’s Guide to Wine; The Pho Cookbook (James Beard Award Best Signal Subject 2018); Unforgettable: The Bold Flavors of Paula Wolfert’s Renegade Life (James Beard Award Lifetime Achievement Award 2018); Manresa: An Edible Reflection; Happiness is on the Plate: Episode #1; Wine Spectator; Wine Enthusiast; The Wall Street Journal; San Francisco Chronicle; and GQ Magazine. When he’s not “tasting” and eating he’s writing about food and beverage or developing recipes in his laboratory (AKA: kitchen).
Get Articles Like These Directly in Your Inbox!
The Structure and Style of St. Laurent Wines
Sugar Dry - Sweet
Tannins Medium Plus